MILITARY JUSTICE IN GREECE; HISTORICAL EVOLUTION, CONTEMPORARY INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS AND FUTURE PROSPECTS.
SOTIRIOS KYRKOS (LLB, MA., LLM, PhD Cand.)
Deputy Public Prosecutor, Athens Air Force Military Court
Advisor, Military Justice Department, Hellenic Ministry of National Defence.
One of the oldest instances of the administration of military justice in ancient greek history can be traced in the 4th century B.C; in 330 B.C., Filotas, the leader of the cavalry of the Macedonian Army and close friend of Alexander the Great, was condemned to death by a military tribunal on the grounds that he didn’t act to suppress a conspiracy against king Alexander. Turning to modern times, it is remarkable that already in 1822, during the first months of the Greek uprising against the Ottoman rule, the first National Convention held in the ancient site of Epidavros, issued a decree by which the French military legislation, subject to the necessary modifications, would be applicable in order to maintain order and discipline within the revolutionary corps. After the establishment of the modern independent Greek state in 1828 and the formation of regular armed forces, the 1st Governor of Greece Ioannis Kapodistrias decided to extend the application of French military and naval penal legislation.